Liu Xiaobo

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Name: Liu Xiaobo 

Country: China

Date of birth: 28.12.1955

Education: Liu graduation from Beijing’s regular university

Type of business: Served as an honorary president from 2003 to 2006 of the Independent Chinese pen centre.

Something interesting: His interests included writing which he pursued doing in his jail time as well to bring about a change in the world. 

Main Achievements: Liu received the Nobel peace prize in 2010 for struggling to achieve human rights in China thus, awarded with Alison des forges award in the same year for being optimistic for being committed to the freedom of assembly and expression fearlessly in China. 

Biography:

Liu Xiaobo was born in China on 28th December 1955 who later on studied philosophy, literature along with working as a lecturer and critic of literature at the University of Beijing.  In addition, in 1988 took a doctorate which allowed him to serve as the guest professor at several universities of the USA and Europe. Liu is a professor, human rights activist, and Chinese literary critic who raised his voice to end the single-party rule and democratic reforms in China. In 1989, Liu participated in the student protests occurring at Tiananmen Square because of which he faced a sentence of about two years in prison. When he was criticized for China’s one-party system, he was thrown again in prison for three more years.Liu Xiaobo was listed among the Tiananmen’s four juniors as he persuaded the student to save lives of hundreds of people by leaving the square by putting in efforts for the country. In the following year, Xiaobo got his third book published called the fog of Metaphysics which provided a comprehensive and detailed review of the Western philosophies, but when he was arrested, all of his hard work and books got banned in China to retaliate against him.

Moreover, for more than twenty years, Liu fought to gain democracy and openness in China. Article 35 complies with the Chinese authorities who state that the natives of the country should be able to enjoy the freedom of press, speech, association, demonstration, and procession. In addition, Liu helped in drafting the Charter 8 act that would enable political freedom in China, which got intact with the signatures of 200 intellectuals and academics. Hours before the document got released, Liu was arrested a sentenced to eleven years of imprisonment for subversion, undermining the government authorities. 

As a defence, Liu stated that opposition does not have the same meaning that undermining does. Moreover, his family was not permitted to attend the ceremony when Liu was awarded the Nobel prize. Additionally, Liu was diagnosed with Liver Cancer in May 2017 after which he received medical parole for treatment but was kept under tight security during his hospitalization and later on labelled as the first citizen to die in the custody of the state who received the Nobel peace prize. After his demise, Liu gained popularity and power way beyond what he achieved in his life. Liu was shifted from his cell to a hospital called the Hospital of China Medical University, where he wasn’t permitted to leave the country or even speak to anyone. He died a few days after at the age of 61, on Thursday which, left the country broken as he lived most of his life in confinement but unbreakable.

Liu supported George W Bush during his invasion of Afghanistan, reelection, and even invasion of Iraq in 2003. He praised Bush on the war against Iraq when he was being reelected, condemned John Kerry for failing to support the wars against the United States. Liu’s widow was confined without any charges and has been under house arrest for several years. The world demands her freedom so that she can regain a normal and peaceful life. Concluding this, Individual artists, writers, and journalists have been jailed, harassed, and disappeared if they contributed to any creative expression on the topics of corruption, religious and ethnic minorities, and reforms.

Links

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Liu-Xiaobo
https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-unbroken-liu-xiaobo
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2010/xiaobo/facts/