Jiang Zemin

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Name: Jiang Zemin

Country: China

Date of birth: 17.08.1927

Education: Bachelors degree in Electrical Engineering from the Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Type of business: Political Leader

Main Achievements: Zemin became a delegate of the Chinese Commission Party (CCP) in his college, he began climbing the ladder of political power and became an associate of the CCP Central Committee, became the Mayor of Shanghai and later the general secretary of the CCP Central Committee. Following this appointment, he triumphed Deng Xiaoping in order to become the chairman of the Central Military Commission. Four years later, he was elected as the President of China. 

Smth interesting about the person: He was passionate and held an interest in poetry and musical instruments, his personal favourites being the piano and the erhu. He displayed these interests publically as he also once sang for President of Philippines.

Biography:

Jiang Zemin was born on 17 August 1926, into a knowledgeable family, in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, China. His father and uncle have educated men; his father was a Communist and was presumably killed by the Chinese Nationalists in the civil war. After the death of his father, Mr Jiang was brought up by his uncle as he was the only successor of the family. In the year 1946, Zemin joined Chinese Commission Party (CCP), and the subsequent year graduated in degree of Electric Engineering from Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

Following his graduation, Mr Jiang worked in several electrical factories, before he was sent to Stalin Automobile Factory in Moscow, the Soviet Union as a trainee, in 1955. In the following year, Jiang came back to China and accomplished rapid success in his career as he was employed as an engineer in the first machine-building industry in the country.

In 1971, Zemin climbed higher in his career path as he became the second-in-command of the ministry and later the director. After a period of two years, he was appointed as the assistant director of the Electronics Industry, while simultaneously he was voted to be a member of the Chinese commission party’s central committee. In 1983, Mr Jiang became the head of the Electronics Industry. In 1985, he was announced as the Mayor of Shanghai and joined politburo in 1987.

 In the June of 1989, Mr Jiang rose up to the position of general secretary of the CCP by Deng Xiaoping, replacing Zhao Ziyang, a consequence faced after the Tiananmen Square massacre, where hundreds of student campaigners died of the police force. In November of the same year, he accomplished the position of the chairperson of the party’s Central Military Commission. 

Earning support from the delegation, as well as the army was a tough job, and Mr Jiang lacked it and didn’t even have the leadership stature. He eventually gained the support of his people and was elected the president of China in 1993.

Mr Jiang received China in a virtual exile state when he became the president, but when he handed the presidency down to Mr Hu Jintao, in 2003, China was one of the fastest-growing economies of the world. After the death of Xiaoping in 1997, Jiang became the supreme leader of China, uniting his power.

In September 1997, Mr Jiang revealed his strategy to privatize the government-owned organizations. In the following month, October 28, 1997, he met up with the US President, Bill Clinton, for the first US-China summit after nearly a decade, in an attempt to improve the strained relationship between the two countries. 

A year later, June 28, 1998, the two presidents met up again in Beijing, where Mr Jiang openly discussed human rights in a live telecast debate. In 2001, Jiang also signed a pact between the Russian Federation and the Republic of China with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow, to improve relations and encourage coordination.

On 11 December 2001, China became the 43rd member of the World Trade Organization. Jiang Zemin descended his position as president of China to Hu Jintao in March 2003, after retiring as the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party. Although, he still remained the chairman of commission until September of 2004.      

Links

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-20038774
https://edition.cnn.com/2013/01/17/world/asia/jiang-zemin-fast-facts/index.html
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Jiang-Zemin
https://www.notablebiographies.com/Ho-Jo/Jiang-Zemin.html